Institutional Racism in 20th-Century America
California Newsreel - THE RISE AND FALL OF JIM CROW
From newsreel.org - July 23, 2014
California Newsreel - educational video documentaries and films on African American life and history, Civil Rights History, Africa, race and diversity training, media and society, campus life, labor and workplace issues.
A sobering snapshot of late 20th century racism and poverty: James Holdt's 15,000 provocative American Pictures
From weblog.liberatormagazine.com- February 11, 2013
RT @liberatormag: .http://t.co/4R4iYRJm
The segregation generation: Gordon Parks' poignant shots of an America divided – in pictures
From www.theguardian.com -January 15, 2015
In 1950, Gordon Parks – one of the most celebrated African American photographers – returned home to Fort Scott, Kansas to track down his old schoolmates and show the impact of segregation.
This Is The Side Of 1950s Segregation That Most Of Us Never Saw (IMAGES)
From www.addictinginfo.org - November 17, 2014
These civil-rights era photographs show that segregation was never completely black and white.
A Concise History of U.S. Divestment in Black Men [VIDEO]
From colorlines.com - October 22, 2014
Throughout 2014, Colorlines is examing the structural inequities that shape the lives of black men. Too often, we zero in on black men only at thier point of premature death.
The North isn’t better than the South: The real history of modern racism and segregation above the Mason-Dixon line
From www.salon.com - December 15, 2014
The North celebrates its liberalism, but that disguises a complicated relationship with discrimination, inequality
When Will the North Face Its Racism?
From www.nytimes.com - January 11, 2015
The protests against police shootings are a referendum on the black condition since the Great Migration.
Racism Is Part of Our Country's Past and Present History, and We Should Never
From www.nytimes.com - April 11, 2013
Racism is a lot of things — cancerous, insidious, learned, dangerous, destructive, dumb, vicious, institutional — but not accidental. By M.K. Asante.
'A Chosen Exile': Black People Passing In White America
From www.npr.org - October 8, 2014 01
From the time of slavery, some light-skinned African-Americans escaped racism by passing as white. The new book, A Chosen Exile: A History of Racial Passing in American Life, explores what they lost.
Independent Lens . BANISHED | PBS
From www.pbs.org - July 23, 2014
BANISHED tells the story of three counties that violently expelled African American families from their towns a century ago--and the descendants that return to learn a shocking history.
Tulsa race riot - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The Tulsa race riot was a large-scale, racially motivated conflict on May 31 and June 1, 1921, in which a group of white people attacked the black community of Tulsa, Oklahoma. It resulted in the Greenwood District, also known as ' the Black Wall Street' and the wealthiest black community in the United States, being burned to the ground.
The Other Side of Anger:The East St. Louis Race Riots of 1917 | Nomadic Politics
From nomadicpolitics.blogspot.com.tr - November 27, 2014
All of us were shocked by the scenes of police cars being rocked and burned and rioters on the street, of St. Louis County businesses being looted and left in smoking heaps.
However, go back to the same city nearly a hundred years before and we see a very different story.
Oregon Was Founded As a Racist Utopia
From gizmodo.com - January 21, 2105
When Oregon was granted statehood in 1859, it was the only state in the Union admitted with a constitution that forbade black people from living, working, or owning property there. It was illegal for black people even to move to the state until 1926.
Lynchings and Collective Murder
Black Men Were Burned Alive in the Bible Belt
From www.alternet.org - February 7, 2015
Jesse Washington was just one black man to die horribly at the hands of white death squads.
Yes, ISIS Burned a Man Alive. White Americans Did the Same Thing to Thousands of Black People
From www.alternet.org - February 6, 2015
The United States practiced a unique cultural ritual that was as least as gruesome as the "medieval" punishments meted out by ISIS against its foes.
Lynching as Racial Terrorism
From www.nytimes.com - February 11, 2015
A new report aims to force Southern towns and the nation to confront an era of racial terror directly and recognize its ramifications today.
Map of 73 Years of Lynchings
From www.nytimes.com - February 11, 2015
The locations of lynchings from 1877 to 1950.
Report on lynching in the US shows historical numbers, like killings by police, are underreported
From www.dailykos.com - February 10, 2015
You can tell a lot about a nation by the sociological data it chronically underreports.
Today, in the United States, the egregiously underreported number would be how many people are killed by ...
The Unknown History of Latino Lynchings
From independentcreativeservices.tumblr.com - January 23, 2015
The following is a summary & analysis of Harvard Civil Rights-Civil Liberties Law Review article, “Law of the Noose: A History of Latino Lynching” by Richard Delgado.
Delgado attempts to shed light on a largely unknown history of Latinos, particularly Mexican-Americans in the Southwest U.S., who were lynched between the years of 1846 and 1925. This is roughly the same time that many Blacks were lynched in the U.S., as well. While many know of the ominous and horrific fate that Blac
History of Lynchings in the South Documents Nearly 4,000 Names
From www.nytimes.com - February 10, 2015
DALLAS — A block from the tourist-swarmed headquarters of the former Texas School Book Depository sits the old county courthouse, now a museum. In 1910, a group of men rushed into the courthouse, threw a rope around the neck of a black man accused of sexually assaulting a 3-year-old white girl, and threw the other end of the rope out a window. A mob outside yanked the man, Allen Brooks, to the ground and strung him up at a ceremonial arch a few blocks down Main Street.
South of the city, past the Trinity River bottoms, a black man named W. R. Taylor was hanged by a mob in 1889. Farther south still is the community of Streetman, where 25-year-old George Gay was hanged from a tree and shot hundreds of times in 1922.
The Goal: To Remember Each Jim Crow Killing, From The '30s On
From www.npr.org - January 4, 2015
The Civil Rights Restorative Justice Project wants to document every racially motivated killing in the American South between 1930 and 1970. The project's director says it's a race against the clock.
Legacy of Slavery in America
A Visit to the Slavery Museum: How the Legacy of Slavery Is Linked to White Racism Today
From www.alternet.org - November 1, 2014
We don’t have a chance of benefiting from history if we neither know nor acknowledge it.
Louisiana plantation museum to focus on harsh realities of slavery
From www.rawstory.com - January 18, 2105
WALLACE, La. – Life-size sculptures of slave children haunt the clapboard church on the grounds of the old sugar cane plantation, where ceramic heads of black men will soon sway on pikes in the Louisiana breeze.
“It’s symbolic annihilation of history, and it’s done for a purpose. It really enforces white supremacy”: Edward Baptist on the lies we tell about slavery
From www.salon.com - November 10, 2014
Edward Baptist on horrifying truth that we memorialize Confederate soldiers and not Americans who died enslaved
Filmmaker Uncovers Her Family’s Shocking Slave-Trading History
From www.alternet.org - November 30, 2013
Now Katrina Browne urges Americans to explore their own roots.
Edward Baptist’s New Book Follows the Money on Slavery
From www.nytimes.com - October 4, 2014
Edward E. Baptist’s “The Half Has Never Been Told: Slavery and the Making of American Capitalism” makes the argument that slavery was central to much of this country’s economic development.
4 Ways American Corporations Supported Slavery and Horrific Racial Oppression
From www.alternet.org - January 19, 2015
Many of the modern-day practices of our free-market capitalist system are at least partly responsible for the oppression of black people in America.
What Does 'Sold Down The River' Really Mean? The Answer Isn't Pretty.
From www.npr.org - January 27, 2014
The phrase 'sold down the river' means you've been betrayed. It used to mean something far worse.
"River" was a literal reference to the Mississippi or Ohio rivers. For much of the first half of the nineteenth century, Louisville, Ky., was one of the largest slave trading marketplaces in the country. Slaves would be taken to Louisville to be "sold down the river" and transported to the cotton plantations in states further south.
In his 2010 history of the Mississippi River, journalist Lee Sandlin said that "the threat of being 'sold down the river' was seen as tantamount to a death sentence."
We still lie about slavery: Here’s the truth about how the American economy and power were built on forced migration and torture
From www.salon.com - September 7, 2014
All these decades later, our history books are filled with myths and mistruths. It is time for a true reckoning
The Shores family, near Westerville, Neb., in 1887. Jerry Shores was one of a number of former slaves to settle in Custer County.
Ebony and Ivy: The Secret History of How Slavery Helped Build America’s Elite Colleges
From www.democracynow.org -March 10, 2014
We spend the hour with the author of a new book, 10 years in the making, that examines how many major U.S. universities — Harvard, Yale, Princeton, Brown, Dartmouth, Rutgers, Williams and the University of North Carolina, among others — are drenched in the sweat, and sometimes the blood, of Africans brought to the United States as slaves. In "Ebony & Ivy: Race, Slavery, and the Troubled History of America’s Universities," Massachusetts Institute of Technology American history professor Craig Steven Wilder reveals how the slave economy and higher education grew up together. "When you think about the colonial world, until the American Revolution, there is only one college in the South, William & Mary ... The other eight colleges were all Northern schools, and they’re actually located in key sites, for the most part, of the merchant economy where the slave traders had come to power and rose as the financial and intellectual backers of new culture of the colonies," Wilder says.
The Secret History of How Slavery Helped Build America’s Elite Colleges
From www.alternet.org - November 4, 2013
In an interview, author Craig Steve Wilder discusses how many major U.S. universities are drenched in the sweat and blood of people brought to the U.S. as slaves.
This Video Gives an Insightful Explanation About Why America Can No Longer Run From The Brutal Past of Slavery
From atlantablackstar.com - February 1, 2015
Scientific Racism and Eugenics
North Carolina’s shocking history of sterilization
From www.salon.com - August 12, 2013
People generally have two reactions when they hear about American eugenics programs for the first time: the first is shock, and the second is distancing. How could those people have done that to them?
Race and Membership in American History: The Eugenics Movement | Facing History and Ourselves
From www.facinghistory.org -February 26, 2014
Race and Membership in American History: The Eugenics Movement (ISBN 9780961584191) focuses on a time in the early 1900s when many people believed that some "races," classes, and individuals were superior to others.
Racism: A History  - 2/3 - YouTube
From www.youtube.com - December 17, 2014
Episode 2/3: Fatal Impacts - Looking at Scientific Racism, invented during the 19th century, an ideology that drew on now discredited practices such as phrenology...
Daniel Kevles on the History of Eugenics, In the Name of Eugenics
From www.stayfreemagazine.org - May 14, 2013
from Stay Free!, a magazine focussed on American media and consumer culture"Imagine yourself in the heart of Kansas, at the annual state fair, in 1928. Past the dunking booth and Ferris wheel, the stands selling corn dogs and cotton candy, farmers from around the state have gathered to show off the year's yields. Amid the horses, cattle, and hogs, a blue-eyed blonde family of four is displayed on an elevated platform. Over their heads is a large banner: fitter families contest....."
Physiognomy: Faces, Bodies, and the “Science” of Human Character » Sociological Images
From thesocietypages.org - January 31, 2015
America’s virulent racists: The sick ideas and perverted “science” of the American Renaissance Foundation
From www.salon.com - October 11, 2014
White supremacy and 15th-century polygenics live on at shockingly ugly American Renaissance foundation conferences
Challenging the Immigrant
From www.scientificamerican.com -December 29, 2014
The Ellis Island intelligence tests, 1915
Abuse of Native Americans and Hawaiians: Betrayal, Atrocities, Genocide
Interactive Time-Lapse Map Shows How the U.S. Took More Than 1.5 Billion Acres From Native Americans
From www.slate.com - June 25, 2014
This interactive map, produced by University of Georgia historian Claudio Saunt to accompany his new book West of the Revolution: An Uncommon History of 1776, offers a time-lapse vision of the transfer of Indian land between 1776 and 1887. As blue “Indian homelands” disappear, small red areas appear, indicating the establishment of reservations. (Above is a GIF of the map's time-lapse display; visit the map's page to play with its features.)
How Haoles Destroyed Hawaii
From www.thedailybeast.com - December 7, 2014
Islands overrun by flawed people, both indigenous and imperialist. In James L. Haley’s ’Captive Paradise,’ a compelling warts-and-all history of Hawaii’s era of independence.
Native Americans Confront History of Dispossession
From truth-out.org - December 27, 2014
Congress passed a measure that would give lands sacred to Native Americans in Arizona to a foreign company.
American Indian Boarding Schools Haunt Many
From www.npr.org - October 31, 2014
The U.S. government operated 100 boarding schools for American Indians on and off reservations. One expert says the schools were part of a strategy to conquer Indians. Students who attended them were required to talk and dress as mainstream Americans.
Photographing Peace Treaties and Railroads in the American West
From www.citylab.com - December 16, 2014
General Terry, General Harney, General Sherman, Arapaho squaw, General Sanborn, Colonel Tappan, and General Augur, 1868.
Theodore Roosevelt, Walt Whitman and Andrew Jackson Were Proponents of Native American Genocide
From www.truth-out.org - October 19, 2014
Author Roxanne Dunbar-Ortiz speaks about her book on the true history of how the United States became a nation and Eurocentric racism that justified it.
Stop Saying Columbus 'Discovered' the Americas—It Erases Indigenous History
From www.alternet.org - October 13, 2013
Referring to tribal lands as "empty" seeks to justify their theft for commercial and military exploitation.
Columbus Day: Celebrating The ‘Greatest Wave Of Genocide In History’
From www.addictinginfo.org - October 13, 2013
The real story of Christopher Columbus. During my school years, and perhaps during yours, whenever October rolled around, we started learning about the ‘great explorer and discoverer of America,’ Christopher Columbus.
Lies My Teacher Told Me About Christopher Columbus: Here's What Your History Books Got Wrong
From www.alternet.org - October 13, 2014
Schools continue to perpetrate myths about Columbus.
Columbus and the Lens of History
From howardzinn.org - October 11, 2014
For Columbus Day, we feature an excerpt from Chapter One of A People’s History of the United States. Howard Zinn describes why he tells the story of Columbus’s arrival “from the viewpoint of the Arawaks” and “the inevitable... Read More
Idle No More: Why We Don’t Celebrate Christopher Columbus
From www.popularresistance.org -October 11, 2014
We don’t celebrate Columbus Day in this house, and we never will. It’s not that we don’t enjoy holidays when they come around. We love holidays around here as much as anyone, but there are some hol...
Internet History Sourcebooks Project
From www.fordham.edu - October 12, 2014
Christopher Columbus: Extracts from Journal
This document is the from the journal of Columbus in his voyage of 1492. The meaning of this voyage is highly contested. On the one hand, it is witness to the tremendous vitality and verve of late medieval and early modern Europe - which was on the verge of acquiring a world hegemony. On the other hand, the direct result of this and later voyages was the virtual extermination, by ill-treatment and disease, of the vast majority of the Native inhabitants, and the enormous growth of the transatlantic slave trade. It might not be fair to lay the blame at Columbus' feet, but since all sides treat him as a symbol, such questions cannot be avoided.
To Some in California, Founder of Church Missions Is Far From Saint
From www.nytimes.com - January 22, 2015
The Rev. Junipero Serra, a pious preacher from the late 1700s whom the pope plans to canonize, is accused by Indian historians of cultural sabotage.
Anti-Immigrant Policies and Prejudice
America’s Long History of Immigrant Scaremongering
From www.slate.com - July 28, 2014
Since last October, the United States has caught tens of thousands of children crossing the border with Mexico, most fleeing violence in Central America. Thousands continue to come into the country, and President Obama has called the influx an “urgent humanitarian situation,” asking Congress for $3.7 billion in funding to...
Stop calling people “aliens”
From www.salon.com - May 28, 2013
Many have finally quit using the word “illegal.” But “alien" persists, and its history is dark and complicated
Children of Japanese 'war brides' tell tales of racism, hardship and perseverance | The Japan Times
From www.japantimes.co.jp - November 2, 2014
The sons and daughters of American servicemen and their Japanese wives recall the tales their parents told them about adjusting to life in the U.S. in the postwar years.
Roots of Religious Right and Opposition to Civil Rights Movement
Rise of the paranoid South: How defending against “outsiders” brought the region together
From www.salon.com - December 17, 2014
Throughout history, the region has always coalesced politically. Here's what really accounts for the unity
"Terrorism is Part of Our History": Angela Davis on '63 Church Bombing, Growing up in "Bombingham"
From www.democracynow.org -September 17, 2013
Sunday marked the 50th anniversary of the bombing of the Sixteenth Street Baptist Church in Birmingham, Alabama, a watershed moment in the civil rights movement. On Sept.
The Real Origins of the Religious Right
From www.politico.com - May 29, 2014
One of the most durable myths in recent history is that the religious right, the coalition of conservative evangelicals and fundamentalists, emerged as a political movement in response to the U.S. Supreme Court’s 1973 Roe v. Wade ruling legalizing abortion. The tale goes something like this: Evangelicals, who had been politically quiescent for...
How the racists of the South have ruled this nation from the very beginning
From www.dailykos.com - December 30, 2014
It all started with a Constitution that allowed slavery to continue unmolested in the Southern states, only limiting the importation of additional slaves after 1808. In addition to requiring the ...
Internment During WWII
Roots and Legacy of "Hellfire" Nation
America's Forgotten First Witch
From www.infobarrel.com - August 19, 2014
Almost half a century before the Salem Witch Trials, the Colony of Connecticut executed the first person accused of witchcraft in America. This was a victim named Alse Younge about whom nearly nothing is known except her dubious place in history as a macabre footnote.
Can the Church of Latter-day Saints accept its racist history?
From www.salon.com - May 5, 2013
In defiance of new scriptures, some members are still justifying a ban on black ordination as the will of God